The hidden paradise & exotic corner of the world Tsum Valley is situated in northen part of Gorkha district, near Tibet border, surrounded by Buddha Himal with Himal Chuli to the west, Himal in the south, and Sringi Himal to the north. Tsum valley trek is one of the best treks where ones can easily fell the friendly and hospitable people, a living traditional Tibetian Buddhist culture and untouched wildlife because of Buddhist prohibitions on hunting.
'Tsum’is derived from Tibetan word ‘Tsombo’which means vivid. Traditionally Tsum valley was culturally distinct geographical area called ‘Tsum Tso Chucksums’ which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. Tsum Valley is decorative with stone built settlements, cultivated fields, crystal clear streams, massive forests and towering snowy 7000m peak.
The people of Tsum are known as Tsumbas. Their main trade is with The Kyirong region of Tibet, which lies across two passes at the head of the shar Khola (east river) Valley. Places to visit in Tsum Valley are including Pirren Phu (Pigeon Cave- also known as Milarepa’s cave) near Birj Village, Rachen Nunnery, Mu Monbastery, Gumba Lungdang Nunnery and the village Chumling, Chhule, Chhekamparo and Nyile. Piren Pht u (Pigeon Cave) is one of the most sacred cave in the Tsum Valley.It is situated at foot of the rugged cliff near Burji village (3300 meter). Milarepa the famous Tibetan saint was meditate in this cave. During his travel over the 84 years he had meditated he was born in 1052 A.D. Mila Dorje Senge was his family name Thopaga is his common name. Thopaga which means delightful to hear. There are 3 seprate gumbas attached to the vocky cave. This houses life size statue of Milarepa, Milarepa foot-print, Avalokiteshwara, Buddha, Tara etc.